3/12/2013--Introduced. Safeguard American Food Exports Act of 2013 - Amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to deem equine (horses and other members of the equidae family)... Read More


This bill was introduced on Mar 12, 2013, in a previous session of Congress, but was not passed.

Bill Text


To prevent human health threats posed by the consumption of equines raised in the United States.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,


This Act may be cited as the ``Safeguard American Food Exports Act of 2013''.


Congress finds that-- (1) unlike cows, pigs, and other domesticated species, horses and other members of the equidae family are not raised for the purpose of human consumption; (2) equines raised in the United States are frequently treated with substances that are not approved for use in horses intended for human consumption and equine parts are therefore unsafe within the meaning of section 409 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; (3) equines raised in the United States are frequently treated with drugs, including phenylbutazone, acepromazine, boldenone undecylenate, omeprazole, ketoprofen, xylazine, hyaluronic acid, nitrofurazone, polysulfated glycosaminoglycan, clenbuterol, tolazoline, and ponazuril, which are not approved for use in horses intended for human consumption and equine parts are therefore unsafe within the meaning of section 512 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; and (4) consuming parts of an equine raised in the United States likely poses a serious threat to human health and the public should be protected from these unsafe products.


Section 301 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 331) is amended by adding at the end the following: ``(ccc) Notwithstanding any other provision of...

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Sentiment Map



2309 Supporting
558 Opposing
81% 19%

State: CA

247 Supporting
26 Opposing
90% 10%

District: 1st

12 Supporting
1 Opposing
92% 8%

Popularity Trend

Organizations Supporting

Horses are not traditional food animals and are not regulated as such. There is a very long list of drugs horses receive in their lifetime that bans them from entering the human food chain. However, most often cited is the anti-inflammatory drug Bute. Bute is a drug often compared to aspirin for humans, that is how often it is given. Bute is banned outright around the world as a potential carcinogenic or cancer causing drug, yet residues are still being found in horse meat showing that all attempts to regulate it fail time and time again. Support this bill to end the slaughter of US horses and the production of horse meat for human consumption in the US and abroad.

Int'l Fund for Horses 2 years ago

American equines are not considered nor are they raised as a food source to be consumed by humans. For the sake of not only the horses but overseas populations we fully support the approval of this bill.


AHDF supports this bill.


Habitat for Horses fully supports this bill to bring a halt to the slaughter of American equine here and in other countries

Habitat for Horses 2 years ago

The SAFE Act (S. 541/H.R. 1094) will prohibit the transport and export of horses to slaughter for human consumption to protect our nation’s horses, and the public, from the predatory horse slaughter industry by ensuring American horses are not part of the pipeline to foreign slaughterhouses while protecting people from toxic horsemeat. Horses are not raised for food in this country, they are routinely given hundreds of drugs over their lifetimes that can be toxic t humans if ingested and therefore prohibited by the FDA from being used in animals intended for human consumption. The shocking discovery of horse meat in beef products in the U.K. underscores the potential threat to American health.


PETA supports the Safeguard American Food Exports Act of 2013 because it would prevent the slaughter of horses in the U.S, end the transport of American horses to foreign countries for slaughter, and prevent the public from consuming horse flesh that is laden with dangerous drug residues. If passed, it would effectively end the slaughter of American horses for food—both here and abroad

Show More Positions

Organizations Opposing

TITLE: Opposition to Any/All Horse Anti Slaughter Acts WHEREAS, we, the members of the National Congress of American Indians of the United States, invoking the divine blessing of the Creator upon our efforts and purposes, in order to preserve for ourselves and our descendants the inherent sovereign rights of our Indian nations, rights secured under Indian treaties and agreements with the United States, and all other rights and benefits to which we are entitled under the laws and Constitution of the United States, to enlighten the public toward a better understanding of the Indian people, to preserve Indian cultural values, and otherwise promote the health, safety and welfare of the Indian people, do hereby establish and submit the following resolution; and WHEREAS, the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) was established in 1944 and is the oldest and largest national organization of American Indian and Alaska Native tribal governments; and WHEREAS, the Tribes of the United States have for many years spent countless man hours and funding protecting and re-establishing the ecosystem from degradation; and WHEREAS, the Tribes of the United Stated are home to over 100,000 head of unclaimed/feral horses that are overgrazing and destroying the rangeland, valleys and hillsides of many reservations and that are damaging natural spring developments, efforts at stream bank restoration, and culturally significant plants; and WHEREAS, the tribes of NCAI have previously adopted NCAI resolution # NFG-09-017 in June 2009, “Opposition to Any/All Horse Slaughter Acts, Also Supporting a Tribal Amendment Allowing Tribes of Establish Horse Slaughter Facilities within Their Jurisdiction”; and WHEREAS, the Federal Government has a clear fiduciary trust responsibility to protect the interests of Tribal Nations as well as a duty to implement laws passed to benefit those Tribes, yet the Administration failed to consult as required by Executive Order 13175 or communicate with any Tribes prior to taking a position to propose appropriations language reinstating the ban on the funding of USDA Federal Safety Inspection Service to inspect horse meat, even though several tribes have requested consultation in writing on the language and the ban; and WHEREAS, various Members of Congress have sponsored legislation into the U.S. House of Representatives (H.R. 1094) and the U.S. Senate (S.541) entitled the Safeguard American Food Exports Act of 2013, to restrict or prohibit the sale or transport of equines and equine parts raised in the United State in interstate or foreign commerce for human consumption; and WHEREAS, in 2011, a Government Accountability Office (GAO) report was conducted, (#11-228), “Action Need to Address Unintended Consequences from Cessation of Domestic Slaughter,” which revealed that as a result of the slaughter ban rider implemented in 2006, horses were transported longer distances to be slaughtered – to places where they are not covered by U.S. humane slaughter protections; and WHEREAS, the NCAI Economic Development and Land and Natural Resources committees agree the horse meat market represents the only economically viable means of reducing the size of feral herds damaging reservation environments and would further assist reservation horse producers who need to sustain their livestock operations, in the productive utilization of tribal and allotted lands; and WHEREAS, the National Tribal Horse Coalition (NTHC) is a sub-committee of Intertribal Agriculture Council (IAC) and requests that the Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs provide a funding source for horse management practices on trust lands. NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED, that NCAI: opposes any legislation restricting horse processing, that removes funding of USDA inspectors of horse meat; opposes any legislation that restricts or prohibits the sale or transport of equines and equine parts raised in the United States in interstate of foreign commerce; supports authorizing tribes to establish horse processing facilities within their jurisdiction; supports a request for development of a BIA line item specific for management of overpopulation of horses from the Department of Interior; and calls on the U.S. Departments of Interior and Agriculture to support the tribes’ position opposing legislation that bans the processing of horses. BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that this resolution shall be the policy of NCAI until it is withdrawn or modified by subsequent resolution.


? Unintended Consequences: The passage of this legislation, without adequate funding or an infrastructure in place to care for unwanted horses, will create a series of unintended consequences that negatively impact the health and welfare of the horse. ? Long-term placement of affected horses: Horse slaughter prevention legislation and appropriations riders fail to address how and where unwanted horses will be placed. If these bills are passed, tens of thousands of U.S. horses will need to be placed in alternative homes, or be euthanized and disposed of properly. o While there are many equine rescue and retirement facilities providing homes for unwanted horses, their care capacities range from five horses to, in a few cases, a maximum of 1,000 horses. The capacity at most facilities, however, is 30 horses or less. o In the first year alone of this ban, assuming an average capacity of 30 horses per facility, approximately 4,697 equine rescue facilities would be needed. Based on these numbers, there are currently not enough volunteers or placement opportunities to provide the level of care that will be required annually. o Many of these facilities are already at or near capacity. ? Animal Welfare: While many nonprofit equine rescue facilities are well run, regulations must be put in place to establish standards of care to ensure the humane treatment of these unwanted horses. ? Funding of care for unwanted horses: Horse slaughter prevention legislation and appropriations riders do not the address the funding required for care or euthanasia and disposal of tens of thousands of horses per year. The average cost to care for the unwanted horse is estimated at $3,648 per year.2 Inadequate funding often creates inadequate care, which is a significant welfare concern for unwanted horses. ? Current USDA Authority: Horse slaughter prevention legislation and appropriations riders could undermine current USDA efforts to enforce humane transportation standards for horses being transported for the purpose of slaughter. USDA is currently able to assess civil penalties of up to $5,000 per horse (per violation) of the USDA Slaughter Horse Transport Program. During a 2008 Judiciary Hearing on this issue, Mr. Pacelle, CEO of HSUS, suggested that the predominate animal welfare issue is NOT the method of euthanasia; but rather, inhumane transportation of horses over long distances that is so egregious. This being said, it is imperative that the USDA can continue to enforce the current statutes and ensure the HUMANE transportation of horses. The USDA is making improvements to this program, most recently with the release of their final rule on the Commercial Transport of Equines to Slaughter (!documentDetail;D=APHIS-2006-0168-0094) which extends authority over the entire transport chain of equines to slaughter. Previously regulations only covered horses from the last assembly point, feedlot, or stockyard to the border crossing with Canada or Mexico.


Users Supporting

I support S. 541 Banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption because the slaughter pipeline is extremely cruel, horse meat is unfit for consumption, owners should not have to worry about their horses being stolen from their pastures by thieves feeding the slaughter pipeline, owners should not be afraid to sell their horses for fear that one day it could end up at slaughter, equine slaughter itself can not be done humanely due to the instinctive flight response horses have when they are afraid. Just watch the videos of actual horse slaughter and all the botched attempts and the horses left alive while being cut up. This is not something this country needs to be involved in, PLEASE STOP our horses going to slaughter. Here is a link to good, factual information:

4 months ago

I support S. 541 Banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption because...not only is this not a good food source, but these magnificent creatures deserve our protection. We should make every effort to leave them space to graze (eat) out in the open spaces.

5 months ago

I support Banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption because...There is a tremendous cost to the American taxpayer, approximately $400k per plant, per year, for a meat product that will not enter the American food supply, but is meant for export. We do not eat horses in the US, and we should not contaminate the food supply of other countries. Because horses are Fight or Flight animals, equine slaughter is inhumane. It can never be humane.

6 months ago

I support Banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption. Throughout the history of the United States horses have played an integral role in our society. They have carried our mail and carried our soldiers into battle. They carry police officers and park rangers. They carry the hearts of young girls dreaming of great futures. As a child I owned a horse of my own for several years and I know that these noble animals are sensitive and intuitive. Horses are often used for work with the ill or disabled because of these unique characteristics. Many a young girl, especially those still developing their identity, gain strength and confidence through learning to ride and relate to these amazing creatures. My guess is many of you considering your position on this subject have had daughters, nieces or grand-daughters who have gained strength, grace and confidence through relating to, and working with, horses. They are as much companions as they are workers, much like our "best friend", the dog. I oppose consumption of horse meat in general, but that aside I strongly oppose the slaughter, sale or export of American horses for this purpose. Our society is above this kind of cruelty, or so I would like to think. We don't allow our dogs to be treated this way, and we shouldn't be allowing it to happen to our horses. Please support S. 541 and put an end to this once and for always.

6 months ago

I support Banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption because...IN THE HANDS OF KILL BUYERS! When horses are purchased at auction by buyers intending to kill them, they're hauled away in double- decker tractor trailers where they are beaten and often blinded with baseball bats to mollify them. After crossing the border into Mexico, the animals are stabbed on each side-an act to tenderize their meat-and immobilized. Workers, then saw the horses legs off, at the knee and hang them to bleed out-all while the horses are ALIVE! (This is an excerpt, from an article written by Missy Diaz, crediting Victoria Mc Cullough and Sen. Joe Abruzzo for bringing awareness of horse slaughter, to Florida. In 2010 Florida Legislation unanimously passed the Horse Protection Bill, making it a felony to slaughter horses for personal or commercial use.) WE ARE MORE THAN OUTRAGED BY THIS ILLEGAL ACTIVITY AND CRIMES AGAINST HORSES AND BURROS THAT ARE FEDERALLY PROTECTED..THAT MAKES YOU HORSE THIEVES..SO ASKING FOR MONEY WHILE CAMPAIGNING THINK OF THIS WE WILL NOT PAY TO KILL WHAT WE LOVE. SO SINCE IM HELPING THE POLITICIANS AND BLM STEAL OUR HORSES AND LIL BURROS WITH TAX DOLLARS, I CANNOT DONATE TO ANY WEALTHY POLITICIAN.FURTHERMORE, MAKING US PARTICIPATE IS A CRIME AND BLACKMAIL. NO MORE ANTI-ANIMAL OR PRO-ILLEGAL REPS NEED APPLY. THAT INCLUDES SINILE HARRY RIED AND OBAMA WHO WILL NOT HELP STOP THIS. CRIME IS CRIME AND THIS IS A HORRIFIC CRIME INDEED. OH CAPS MEAN IM SHOUTING? WE ARE SCREAMING AT YOU TO STOP THIS RIGHT NOW. ILLEGAL AMERICA YIKES. SO SO WRONG. STEP UP AND OBEY THE LAWS

6 months ago

I support Banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption because horses are not for consumption. We have used horses in wars to protect and serve. They are used for therapy and deserve protection and respect.

6 months ago

Users Opposing

I oppose Banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption because...these animals are not supposed to be in our food chain.

11 months ago

I oppose Banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption because slaughter is an important part in the equine industry. While slaughter is an unpleasant concept, it is a necessary reality in the equine industry. All equine breeds have seen a decline in breeding, sales, and profits since the ban of slaughter since there is no longer an outlet for culls, crippled, and unwanted horses. This has caused a spike in abandoned and unwanted horses because the market has been crippled by the ban of slaughter. Horses are livestock and like other types of livestock (goats, sheep, cattle, etc) slaughter is an important way to manage number and eliminate the unwanted and unfit members of the breeding population. Please bring back slaughter and save the equine industry!

11 months ago

I oppose Banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption because they are also an animal.

11 months ago

I oppose Banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption is WRONG! Horses are made to be ridden not eaten. It would be too damaging emotionally to all horse lovers. Please I beg - do not pass this law...its not necessary and it is only hurtful in the eyes of people who truly care about these beautiful animals. Thank you!

1 year ago

I oppose Banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption because...The cattle herd is at a 50 year low do to drought. The hog industry is in trouble due to a virus that is spreading. Chicken processing is being sent to China! As a result meat prices are soaring. Horse meat is one of the safest and healthiest meats. It should be made available to everyone who wants it, including me. I have eaten it, and it is delicious. It is higher in protein and lower in fat than beef. It is more tender than beef too. I raise ponies and have personal experience as to the devastation the lack of processing has been to both the breeders (loss of market and low prices) and horses (starvation and abuse). If an animal has no value, it will not be valued. We also need somewhere to dispose of the BLM mustangs that are costing us $70 million every year to warehouse until their death.

1 year ago

I oppose Banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption because...I've eaten horse is much like roast beef, and a horse, no matter how you treat or raise it, is livestock, just like a pet cow, goat, sheep etc. Livestock is raised for eating purposes even if you use the animal for other chores or tasks in its life time.

1 year ago

Bill Summary

Safeguard American Food Exports Act of 2013 - Amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to deem equine (horses and other members of the equidae family) parts to be an unsafe food additive or animal drug. Prohibits the knowing sale or transport of equines or equine parts in interstate or foreign commerce for purposes of human consumption.

S. 540Temporary Debt Limit Extension Act S. 542 Maritime Lien Reform Act of 2013