To improve the effectiveness of the National Instant Criminal Background Check System by clarifying reporting requirements related to adjudications of mental incompetency, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``NICS Reporting Improvement Act of 2013''.
SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS RELATING TO MENTAL HEALTH.
(a) Title 18 Definitions.--Chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (1) in section 921(a), by adding at the end the following: ``(36)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the term `has been adjudicated mentally incompetent or has been committed to a psychiatric hospital', with respect to a person-- ``(i) means the person is the subject of an order or finding by a judicial officer, court, board, commission, or other adjudicative body-- ``(I) that was issued after a hearing-- ``(aa) of which the person received actual notice; and ``(bb) at which the person had an opportunity to participate with counsel; and ``(II) that found that the person, as a result of marked subnormal intelligence, mental impairment, or mental illness-- ``(aa) was an imminent danger to himself or to others; ``(bb) was guilty but mentally ill in a criminal case; ``(cc) was not guilty in a criminal case by reason of insanity or mental disease or defect; ``(dd) was incompetent to stand trial in a criminal case; ``(ee) was not guilty only by reason of lack of mental responsibility under section...