To prevent the illegal sale of firearms, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Trafficking Reduction And Criminal Enforcement (TRACE) Act''.
SEC. 2. REGULATORY REQUIREMENT TO MARK FIREARMS WITH SECOND, HIDDEN SERIAL NUMBER.
Within 12 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall promulgate final regulations that require each firearm manufactured in the United States on or after the effective date of the regulation, to be marked with a serial number that is located inside the receiver of the firearm or that is visible only in infrared light, in addition to the serial number with which the firearm is otherwise required by law to be marked.
SEC. 3. REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE INSTANT CRIMINAL BACKGROUND CHECK RECORDS FOR 180 DAYS.
(a) In General.--Section 922(t)(2)(C) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``after the 180-day period that begins with the date the system complies with subparagraphs (A) and (B),'' before ``destroy''. (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 511 of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2012 (18 U.S.C. 922 note; Public Law 112-55; 125 Stat. 632) is amended-- (1) by striking ``for--'' and all that follows through ``(1)''; and (2) by striking the semicolon and all that follows and inserting a period. (c) Regulations.--Within 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Attorney General...