S.Res. 560: A resolution commemorating the 150th anniversary of the Maryland Campaign during the Civil War. Read More


This resolution was introduced on Sep 19, 2012, in a previous session of Congress, but was not passed.


Date Introduced
Sep 19, 2012

Bill Text


Commemorating the 150th anniversary of the Maryland Campaign during the Civil War.

Whereas because of geographic position, Maryland and the citizens of Maryland played a key role in the military and political struggles of the Civil War; Whereas during the conflict, controlling Maryland was key due to the proximity to Washington DC, the fact that Maryland shared a border with Virginia and the States still remaining in the Union, and the position of Baltimore as a key railroad link to the West; Whereas, on September 4, 1862, General Robert E. Lee led his Confederate Army of northern Virginia across the Potomac River near Leesburg, Virginia into Maryland, marking first invasion by General Lee of the North during the Civil War; Whereas, on September 7, 1862, General George B. McClellan moved the Union Army of the Potomac forces out of Washington DC in pursuit; Whereas, over the ensuing 2 weeks, pitched battles were fought in Harper's Ferry and Shepardstown in West Virginia and South Mountain and Antietam in Maryland, as the 2 forces confronted one another amidst the Appalachian Mountains; Whereas, on September 17, 1862, the climax of the Maryland Campaign took place on the banks of Antietam Creek, near the town of Sharpsburg, Maryland; Whereas, on September 17, 1862, fighting began before dawn when Union forces advanced on Confederate defensive positions behind Antietam Creek, launching 3 assaults along the Cornfield, East Woods, West Woods, and Sunken Road for 8 hours; Whereas the brutal fighting to cross Burnside Bridge and...

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Bill Summary

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