To prohibit the conducting of invasive research on great apes, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Great Ape Protection and Cost Savings Act of 2011''.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.
(a) Findings.--Congress finds that-- (1) chimpanzees are the only great apes currently used in invasive research in the United States; (2)(A) as of the date of introduction of this Act, there are approximately 1,000 chimpanzees housed in laboratories in the United States; (B) more than \1/2\ of these chimpanzees are owned by the Federal Government; and (C) the vast majority are financially supported by the Federal Government; (3) great apes are highly intelligent and social animals; (4) research laboratory environments involving invasive research cannot meet the complex physical, social, and psychological needs of great apes; (5) invasive research performed on great apes, and the breeding, housing, maintenance, and transport of great apes for these purposes, are economic in nature and substantially affect interstate commerce; (6) maintaining great apes in laboratories costs the Federal Government more than caring for great apes in suitable sanctuaries that are specifically designed to provide adequate lifetime care for great apes; and (7) the National Research Council report entitled ``Chimpanzees in Research--Strategies for their Ethical Care, Management, and Use'' concluded that-- (A) there is a ``moral responsibility'' for the long-term care of chimpanzees used for scientific research;...