To promote research, monitoring, and observation of the Arctic and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Arctic Research, Monitoring, and Observing Act of 2012''.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.
(a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings: (1) The United States is an Arctic Nation with-- (A) an approximately 700-mile border with the Arctic Ocean; (B) more than 100,000,000 acres of land above the Arctic Circle; and (C) an even broader area defined as Arctic by temperature, which includes the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands. (2) The Arctic region of the United States is home to an indigenous population that has subsisted for millennia on the abundance in marine mammals, fish, and wildlife, many of which are unique to the region. (3) Temperatures in the United States Arctic region have warmed by 3 to 4 degrees Celsius over the past half-century, a rate of increase that is twice the global average. (4) The Arctic ice pack is rapidly diminishing and thinning, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration estimates the Arctic Ocean may be ice free during summer months in as few as 30 years. (5) Such changes to the Arctic region are having a significant impact on the indigenous people of the Arctic, their communities and ecosystems, as well as the marine mammals, fish, and wildlife upon which they depend. (6) Such changes...