To protect first amendment rights of journalists and internet service providers by preventing States and the United States from allowing meritless lawsuits arising from acts in furtherance of those rights, commonly called ``Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation'' or ``SLAPPs'', and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Free Press Act of 2012''.
SEC. 2. SPECIAL MOTION TO DISMISS.
Part VI of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``CHAPTER 182--SPECIAL MOTION TO DISMISS
``Sec. ``4201. Special motion to dismiss. ``4202. Stay of discovery. ``4203. Exceptions for governmental litigation and commercial speech. ``4204. Interlocutory appeal. ``4205. Special motion to quash. ``4206. Removal. ``4207. Fees, costs, and sanctions. ``Sec. 4201. Special motion to dismiss ``(a) In General.--A representative of the news media (as defined in section 552(a)(4) of title 5) may file a special motion to dismiss any claim asserted against the representative of the news media in a civil action if the claim arises in whole or in part from an oral or written statement or other expression that is on a matter of public concern or that relates to a public official or figure. ``(b) Time Limit.--Unless the court grants an extension, a special motion to dismiss under this section shall be filed-- ``(1) not later than 45 days after the date of service of the claim,...