To provide that the President must seek congressional approval before engaging members of the United States Armed Forces in military humanitarian operations.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Military Humanitarian Operations Act of 2012''.
SEC. 2. MILITARY HUMANITARIAN OPERATION DEFINED.
(a) In General.--In this Act, the term ``military humanitarian operation'' means a military operation involving the deployment of members or weapons systems of the United States Armed Forces where hostile activities are reasonably anticipated and with the aim of preventing or responding to a humanitarian catastrophe, including its regional consequences, or addressing a threat posed to international peace and security. The term includes-- (1) operations undertaken pursuant to the principle of the ``responsibility to protect'' as referenced in United Nations Security Council Resolution 1674 (2006); (2) operations specifically authorized by the United Nations Security Council, or other international organizations; and (3) unilateral deployments and deployments made in coordination with international organizations, treaty-based organizations, or coalitions formed to address specific humanitarian catastrophes. (b) Operations Not Included.--The term ``military humanitarian operation'' does not mean a military operation undertaken for the following purposes: (1) Responding to or repelling attacks, or preventing imminent attacks, on the United States or any of its territorial possessions, embassies, or consulates, or members of the United States Armed Forces. (2) Direct acts of reprisal for attacks on the United States or any of...