To promote the use of clean cookstoves and fuels to save lives, improve livelihoods, empower women, and combat harmful pollution by creating a thriving global market for clean and efficient household cooking solutions.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Clean Cookstoves Support Act of 2012''.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
Congress makes the following findings: (1) Nearly half the world's population cooks their food over open fires or inefficient, polluting, and unsafe cookstoves using firewood, dung, or coal. Smoke from the use of these traditional cookstoves and open fires is associated with a number of chronic and acute diseases, including respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia, heart disease, and cancer, with women and young children affected disproportionately. (2) It is estimated that smoke from cooking fuels accounts for nearly 2,000,000 deaths annually in the developing world, which is more than the deaths from malaria, tuberculosis, or HIV. Millions more are sickened from the toxic smoke and thousands suffer burns annually from open fires or unsafe cookstoves. (3) The amount of biomass cooking fuel required each year can reach up to 2 tons per family. Where demand for local biomass outstrips the natural regrowth of resources, local environmental problems can result. (4) Tremendous amounts of time--a burden shouldered disproportionately by women and children--is spent collecting and managing biomass cooking fuel resources. (5) As nearby fuel supplies dwindle, women are...