To require the attorney for the Government to disclose favorable information to the defendant in criminal prosecutions brought by the United States, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Fairness in Disclosure of Evidence Act of 2012''.
SEC. 2. DUTY TO DISCLOSE FAVORABLE INFORMATION.
Chapter 201 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``Sec. 3014. Duty to disclose favorable information ``(a) Definitions.--In this section-- ``(1) the term `covered information' means information, data, documents, evidence, or objects that may reasonably appear to be favorable to the defendant in a criminal prosecution brought by the United States with respect to-- ``(A) the determination of guilt; ``(B) any preliminary matter before the court before which the criminal prosecution is pending; or ``(C) the sentence to be imposed; and ``(2) the term `prosecution team' includes, with respect to a criminal prosecution brought by the United States-- ``(A) the Executive agency, as defined in section 105 of title 5, that brings the criminal prosecution on behalf of the United States; and ``(B) any entity or individual, including a law enforcement agency or official, that-- ``(i) acts on behalf of the United States with respect to the criminal prosecution; ``(ii) acts under the control of the United States with respect to the criminal prosecution; or ``(iii) participates, jointly with the...