Summary

A bill to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act of 1994. Read More

Status

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the Senate on Apr 26, 2012 but was never passed by the House.

Date Introduced
Nov 30, 2011

Co-Sponsors

d-50
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Bill Text

A BILL

To reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act of 1994

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the ``Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2011''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title. Sec. 2. Table of contents. Sec. 3. Universal definitions and grant conditions. TITLE I--ENHANCING JUDICIAL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT TOOLS TO COMBAT VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

Sec. 101. Stop grants. Sec. 102. Grants to encourage arrest policies and enforcement of protection orders. Sec. 103. Legal assistance for victims. Sec. 104. Consolidation of grants to support families in the justice system. Sec. 105. Sex offender management. Sec. 106. Court-appointed special advocate program. Sec. 107. Criminal provision relating to stalking, including cyberstalking. Sec. 108. Outreach and services to underserved populations grant. Sec. 109. Culturally specific services grant. TITLE II--IMPROVING SERVICES FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND STALKING

Sec. 201. Sexual assault services program. Sec. 202. Rural domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, and child abuse enforcement assistance. Sec. 203. Training and services to end violence against women with disabilities grants. Sec. 204. Grant for training and services to end violence against women in later life. TITLE III--SERVICES, PROTECTION, AND JUSTICE FOR YOUNG VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE

Sec. 301. Rape prevention education grant. Sec. 302. Creating hope through outreach, options, services, and education for children and youth. Sec. 303....

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Popularity Trend

Organizations Supporting

AAUW supports the Senate Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2011 (S.1925) because of its inclusivity to protections for men and women who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender, and for women and children abused on tribal lands by perpetrators not of a particular tribe. It also allow victims more ease to move from subsidized housing programs to avoid abusers and includes campus safety provisions from the Campus Sexual Violence Elimination (SaVE) Act (S. 834), which would ensure that institutions of higher education have comprehensive procedures in place to address domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking. AAUW knows from our research that hostile campus environments can undermine educational outcomes and experiences for students, especially women. AAUW led efforts to include this critical element in VAWA reauthorization and continues to strongly advocate for overall passage of the bill.

The United Methodist Resolution #3423 affirms the “sacredness of all persons and their right to safety, nurture and care.” We believe that violence against all individuals - particularly individuals in vulnerable situations - is wrong. S. 1925 contains safeguards for immigrant and Native American women as well as those in the LGBT community.

The American Humanist Association supports VAWA reauthorization because the bill affirms the fundamental nature of a person’s right to be free from violence. The passage of the original Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) in 1994 was a giant step forward for our nation. Domestic violence, sexual assault, dating violence and stalking are pervasive issues throughout the United States. VAWA meant that our federal government formally acknowledged that domestic and sexual violence cause tremendous harm, and therefore put resources into helping victims and responding to these crimes. Our nation and millions of individuals are safer as a result.

APR 26, 2012 Legislation Protects All Domestic and Dating Violence Victims on Reservations; Attention Turns to House Judiciary Committee Today, in a significant step forward for protection of Native women, the U.S. Senate passed S. 1925, the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) Reauthorization of 2012. Title IX will address the epidemic of violence perpetrated against American Indian and Alaska Native women by restoring concurrent tribal criminal jurisdiction over all persons who commit misdemeanor domestic and dating violence in Indian country and clarifying tribal court authority to issue and enforce civil protection orders. Additionally, it strengthens federal authority to address violent felonies on Indian reservations. Jefferson Keel, President of the National Congress of American Indians, applauded the Senate. “It was encouraging to see our leaders in the Senate put aside partisan politics and pass a bill that protects and serves all victims of domestic and sexual violence across the country—including our Native sisters, mothers, and daughters. Today’s vote on the VAWA reauthorization represents a historic vote for Native people and tribal sovereignty. Now, we must turn our full attention to the House and count on the same good will and bipartisanship to turn this bill into law and make these protections a reality.” Several Senators took the floor yesterday and today to champion the tribal provisions in S.1925, including Senators Boxer, Klobuchar, Murray, Cantwell, and Murkowski. Senator Akaka, Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs and sponsor of the Stand Against Violence and Empower Native Women Act, had this to say about the bill’s key tribal provisions: “This bill’s tribal provisions address the epidemic rates of violence against Native women -- by enabling VAWA programs to more directly and promptly respond to their concerns and needs. These tribal provisions are critical to the lives of Native women and doubly important to me as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs -- and a Native Hawaiian.” After sharing a powerful story from a Native victim of domestic violence, Senator Udall commented: “This is just one of the daily, even hourly, stories of abuse. Stories that should outrage us all. And that could end through local intervention. Local authority that will only be made possible through an act of Congress. We have the opportunity to support such an act in the tribal provisions of VAWA. I encourage my colleagues to fully support the tribal provisions in this important bill.” Senator Murkowski spoke strongly in favor of the legislation and addressed concerns regarding violence against Native women in Alaska . She described included amendments that “ensure that Alaska Tribes lose none of the jurisdiction and authority that they have to issue and enforce their domestic violence protection orders.” S.1925 passed the Senate on a 68 to 31 vote. Senator Hutchison offered a substitute version of the bill that would have removed the provisions affirming tribal court authority among other changes, but it was not accepted by a vote of 36 to 63. As a next step for the legislation, the House Judiciary Committee has scheduled a mark up for May 8th, and House Members will be home in their districts next week. NCAI encourages tribal leaders and all others to urge their House Members to support full inclusion of Title IX of S. 1925 in any House bill. http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2012/04/26/senate-passes-vawa-including-protections-for-native-women

The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) is due for reauthorization. Senators Patrick Leahy (D-VT) and Mike Crapo (R-ID) will introduce a bipartisan bill on tomorrow, Wednesday, November 30th to reauthorize and improve VAWA. We need your help to make sure VAWA has as much support in Congress as possible when it is introduced to the Senate tomorrow. Over the past 17 years, VAWA has given survivors of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence and stalking unprecedented access to improved services and ultimately, safety. VAWA has saved countless lives, protected families, given a voice to survivors and provided invaluable training to the criminal justice community. VAWA is landmark legislation in the movement to end violence against women and girls, and is both a symbol and actualization of what it means to create healing and justice for survivors and their communities. The Joyful Heart Foundation is proud to be a member of the coalition of women and victim’s rights groups across the country who worked together with Senator Leahy’s office to draft the VAWA reauthorization bill and gather support. VAWA is so critical to the work we do to prevent and end violence against women and children. We ask that you take a moment today to contact your Senators and encourage them to support this bill and sign on as an original co-sponsor. http://joyfulheartfoundation.org/wordpress/?p=3378

Dear Senators Leahy and Crapo: On behalf of the American Bar Association (ABA) and its nearly 400,000 members, I commend you for your impending introduction of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) reauthorization bill. The ABA strongly supports your effort to continue proven effective programs that support victims of domestic, sexual, stalking and dating violence and their families. The ABA has long taken a leadership role in addressing domestic, sexual and stalking violence and recognizes the important role of the legal profession in addressing domestic violence, sexual assault, dating violence and stalking crimes. Since 1994, the ABA’s Commission on Domestic & Sexual Violence (formerly the Commission on Domestic Violence) has worked to increase access to justice for victims of domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking by mobilizing the legal profession. The Commission has provided critically necessary training in litigation skills and strategies for domestic and sexual violence attorneys litigating these complex and complicated matters in trial courts across the country with limited resources. This training helps increase the ability of courts across the country to redress criminal activity and support victims of crime. The ABA believes that reauthorization of VAWA is essential to maintaining victim services and to bringing victims and their families to safety. For over 17 years, VAWA has provided life-saving assistance to hundreds of thousands of women, men, and children who are victims of crime. While VAWA initially focused on improving the criminal justice response to domestic and sexual violence, it has evolved through the last two reauthorizations to address more effectively the needs of victims of multiple crimes, including dating violence and stalking. It funds critical services for sexual assault victims, including men and boys, teens and youth, and enhanced prevention programs. The last reauthorization also broadened core services by expanding eligible entities to culturally specific communities. VAWA programs are essential, core components of the justice system. The economic crisis has had a disproportionate and devastating effect on victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, dating violence and stalking crimes. These victims rely on victim service programs to escape violence and rebuild their lives, but these programs throughout the country are unable to meet the increasing demand. We fully understand the pressures placed by the economic climate on lawmakers to cut federal programs, but in this instance failing to reauthorize VAWA would be more than short-sighted. We thus commend your dedication to renewing and extending VAWA’s efficient programs that have demonstrated effectiveness in saving lives, money, and jobs. We appreciate your leadership on this issue and look forward to working with you to ensure prompt passage of this legislation. http://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/uncategorized/2011/2011nov30_vawaintros_l.authcheckdam.pdf

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Organizations Opposing

This bill would reauthorize and expand the 1994 law that made domestic violence – typically handled by state and local governments – a federal crime. Despite a lack of scientific evidence supporting the program’s effectiveness, the Senate’s “reauthorization” of VAWA would expand coverage to men, homosexuals, transgendered individuals and prisoners, and expand already duplicative grant programs. For the first time in our nation’s history, the bill would allow non-Native Americans accused of domestic violence on tribal lands to be tried in those tribal courts, thereby eliminating the right of the accused to face a jury of their peers. Under VAWA, men effectively lose their constitutional rights to due process, presumption of innocence, equal treatment under the law, the right to a fair trial and to confront one’s accusers, the right to bear arms, and all custody/visitation rights. It is unprecedented, unnecessary and dangerous. S.1925 would also broaden the definition of domestic violence to include causing “emotional distress” or using “unpleasant speech.” This expansive and vague language will increase fraud and false allegations, for which there is no legal recourse. By contrast, women (or under this proposal, homosexual men and transgendered individuals) receive free legal counsel even if there’s no evidence of injury or harm. Expanding this law to include new groups would also require more funding and resources in order to carry out the new provisions. In short, simply because this bill has a catchy name does not make up for the harmful policy within. Heritage Action opposes the Violence Against Women Act and will include it as a key vote on our scorecard.

Heritage Action 3 years ago

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Bill Summary

A bill to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act of 1994.

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