To reduce preterm labor and delivery and the risk of pregnancy-related deaths and complications due to pregnancy, and to reduce infant mortality caused by prematurity.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Prematurity Research Expansion and Education for Mothers who deliver Infants Early Reauthorization Act'' or the ``PREEMIE Reauthorization Act''.
SEC. 2. PURPOSES.
It is the purpose of this Act to-- (1) help reduce preterm birth, associated disabilities of preterm birth, and deaths of babies born preterm; (2) expand research into the causes of preterm birth; and (3) promote the development, availability, and use of evidence-based practices of care for pregnant women at risk of preterm labor or other serious pregnancy-related complications and for infants born preterm.
SEC. 3. RESEARCH AND ACTIVITIES AT THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH.
Part B of title IV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 284 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
``SEC. 409K. EXPANSION AND COORDINATION OF RESEARCH RELATING TO PRETERM LABOR AND DELIVERY AND INFANT MORTALITY.
``(a) In General.--The Secretary, acting through the Director of NIH, shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, expand, intensify, and coordinate the activities of the National Institutes of Health with respect to research on the causes of preterm labor and delivery, tools to detect, prevent, or reduce prevalence of preterm labor and delivery, and the care and treatment of...