To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to provide for the distribution of additional residency positions, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Resident Physician Shortage Reduction Act of 2012''.
SEC. 2. DISTRIBUTION OF ADDITIONAL RESIDENCY POSITIONS.
(a) In General.--Section 1886(h) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395ww(h)) is amended-- (1) in paragraph (4)(F)(i), by striking ``paragraphs (7) and (8)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (7), (8), and (9)''; (2) in paragraph (4)(H)(i), by striking ``paragraphs (7) and (8)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (7), (8), and (9)''; (3) in paragraph (7)(E), by inserting ``paragraph (9),'' after ``paragraph (8),''; and (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph: ``(9) Distribution of additional residency positions.-- ``(A) Additional residency positions.-- ``(i) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2013 through 2017 (and succeeding fiscal years if the Secretary determines that there are additional residency positions available to distribute under clause (iv)(II)), the Secretary shall, subject to clause (ii) and subparagraph (D), increase the otherwise applicable resident limit for each qualifying hospital that submits a timely application under this subparagraph by such number as the Secretary may approve for portions of cost reporting periods occurring on or after July 1 of the fiscal year of the increase. ``(ii) Number available for distribution.-- For each such fiscal year, the Secretary shall determine the total number of...