To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to conduct a special resource study of the Pullman Historic Site in Chicago, Illinois, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Pullman Historic Site National Park Service Study Act''.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
Congress finds as follows: (1) The Historic Pullman District, built between the years of 1880 and 1884, was established by George M. Pullman, owner of the Pullman Palace Car Company. Pullman envisioned an industrial town that provided employees with a model community and suitable living conditions for workers and their families. The town, which consisted of over 1,000 buildings and homes, was awarded ``The World's Most Perfect Town'' at the International Hygienic and Pharmaceutical Exposition in 1896. (2) The Pullman factory site is a true symbol of the historic American struggle to achieve fair labor practices for the working class, with the original factory serving as the catalyst for the first industry-wide strike in the United States. In the midst of economic depression in 1894, factory workers there initiated a strike to protest unsafe labor and reductions in pay that when taken up as a cause by the American Railway Union (ARU) crippled the entire rail industry. The Pullman conceived strike continued even in the face of a federal injunction and Federal troops were sent to Chicago by President Grover Cleveland to end...