To amend title 10, United States Code, to improve the prevention of and response to sexual assault in the Armed Forces, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Sexual Assault Training Oversight and Prevention Act'' or the ``STOP Act''.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
Congress makes the following findings: (1) The Department of Defense conducted a survey of members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty that revealed that only 13.5 percent of such members reported incidents of sexual assault, which means that more than 19,000 incidents of sexual assault of members of the Armed Forces actually occurred in 2010 alone. (2) Despite modest attempts, the Department of Defense has failed to address the chronic under reporting of incidents of sexual assault and harassment, as by the Department's own estimates, 86 percent of sexual assaults went unreported in 2010. (3) The military adjudication system itself lacks independence, as military judges depend on command, and members of the Armed Forces have only limited access to civilian courts to address their grievances. (4) The Cox Commission, sponsored by the National Institute of Military Justice, as well as several other actors, have consistently observed that the United States has fallen behind countries such as Canada and the United Kingdom in terms of its military justice system. (5) The military atmosphere is not conducive to resolving issues...