To amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to allow State educational agencies, local educational agencies, and schools to increase implementation of school-wide positive behavior supports.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Positive Behavior for Safe and Effective Schools Act''.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.
(a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings: (1) Educators, parents, and the general public cite ineffective school discipline policies as a leading challenge facing many public schools. (2) Overly harsh, nondiscretionary school discipline practices that address even minor misbehavior through suspension, expulsion, metal detectors, surveillance cameras, and arrest are ineffective and counterproductive. (3) Research shows that ``get tough'' approaches to discipline reinforce bad behavior and predict higher future rates of misbehavior among suspended students. (4) However, suspensions and expulsions are on the rise nationally, and according to the United States Department of Education Office of Civil Rights during the 2005-2006 school year over 3,300,000 students were suspended at least once and over 100,000 students were expelled. (5) Students of color and students with disabilities are more likely to be suspended or expelled than their peers for similar disciplinary incidents. (6) There is a high correlation between school discipline and the student dropout rate. Suspended students are more likely to be retained, to dropout, to engage in delinquent activity, and to become involved in the juvenile or criminal justice system....