To reauthorize the Water Desalination Act of 1996, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Reauthorization of Water Desalination Act of 2011''.
SEC. 2. WATER DESALINATION ACTIVITIES.
(a) In General.--The Secretary of the Interior (referred to in this section as the ``Secretary'') shall operate, manage and maintain facilities to carry out research, development, and demonstration activities to develop technologies and methods that promote brackish groundwater desalination as a viable method to increase water supply in a cost-effective manner. (b) Objectives; Activities.-- (1) Objectives.--The Secretary shall conduct demonstration projects-- (A) to develop new water and energy technologies with widespread applicability; and (B) to create new supplies of usable water for municipal, agricultural, industrial, or environmental purposes. (2) Activities.--In operating, managing, and maintaining the facilities under subsection (a), the Secretary shall carry out-- (A) as a priority, the development of renewable energy technologies for integration with desalination technologies-- (i) to reduce the capital and operational costs of desalination; (ii) to minimize the environmental impacts of desalination; and (iii) to increase public acceptance of desalination as a viable water supply process; (B) research regarding various desalination processes, including improvements in reverse and forward osmosis technologies; (C) the development of innovative methods and technologies to reduce the volume and cost of desalination concentrated wastes (including the disposal of desalination concentrated wastes) in an environmentally sound manner;...