To amend title 5, United States Code, to require that scientific studies used in a rule making be published, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Transparency in Rule Making When Using Scientific Testing Act of 2011''.
SEC. 2. REQUIRED PUBLICATION OF SCIENTIFIC STUDIES.
(a) In General.--Section 553(b) of title 5, United States Code, is amended-- (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and''; (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and (3) by adding at the end the following: ``(4) any scientific research of which the agency is aware and which is relevant to the rule making.''. (b) Definition.--Section 551 of title 5, United States Code, is amended-- (1) in paragraph (13), by striking ``and''; (2) in paragraph (14), by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and (3) by adding at the end the following: ``(15) `scientific study' means a study that-- ``(A) applies rigorous, systematic, and objective methodology to obtain reliable and valid knowledge relevant to the subject matter involved; ``(B) presents findings and makes claims that are appropriate to, and supported by, the methods that have been employed; and ``(C) includes, appropriate to the research being conducted-- ``(i) use of systematic, empirical methods that draw on observation or experiment; ``(ii) use of data analyses that are adequate to...