Summary

H.J.Res. 88: Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to clarify the authority of Congress and the States to regulate corporations, limited liability companies or... Read More

Status

This resolution was introduced on Nov 15, 2011, in a previous session of Congress, but was not passed.

Bill Text

JOINT RESOLUTION

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to clarify the authority of Congress and the States to regulate corporations, limited liability companies or other corporate entities established by the laws of any state, the United States, or any foreign state.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States:

``Article--

``Section 1. We the people who ordain and establish this Constitution intend the rights protected by this Constitution to be the rights of natural persons. ``Section 2. The words people, person, or citizen as used in this Constitution do not include corporations, limited liability companies or other corporate entities established by the laws of any State, the United States, or any foreign state, and such corporate entities are subject to such regulation as the people, through their elected State and Federal representatives, deem reasonable and are otherwise consistent with the powers of Congress and the States under this Constitution. ``Section 3. Nothing contained herein shall be construed to limit the people's rights of freedom of speech, freedom of the press, free exercise of religion, freedom of association and all such other rights of the people, which rights are inalienable.''....

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State: CA

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District: 1st

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Popularity Trend

Organizations Supporting

We all intuitively understand that corporations, limited liability companies, and any corporate entities are not people. They are not born, do not have children, do not risk their lives for others, and do not die. People do that. But almost since our Constitution was written, court decisions have whittled away at the distinction between corporations and people, granting them the same rights, privileges, and responsibilities. The January 21, 2010, Citizens United vs. the Federal Elections Commission decision went further than any other, giving corporations First Amendment protections of free speech—and in doing so protects corporations' rights to political spending. To undo this decision, we need to go back to the beginning and clarify what is and isn't a person: "The words people, person, or citizen as used in this Constitution do not include corporations ... ." We need to bring a 28th amendment to the Constitution, as defined in H. J. Res. 88: "We the people who ordain and establish this Constitution intend the rights protected by this Constitution to be the rights of natural persons." Tell your representative to cosponsor H. J. Res. 88.

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Bill Summary

H.J.Res. 88: Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to clarify the authority of Congress and the States to regulate corporations, limited liability companies or other corporate entities established by the laws of any state, the United States, or any foreign state.

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